What Causes Acne in Adults?
What Causes Acne in Adults?
July 15, 2019 by Kate Somerville

Though acne is most often associated with pubescent teenagers, many of us suffer from breakouts well into our adult lives. Despite our best efforts, it can feel like acne is haunting you and trying to ruin your life, blemishes appearing at the most inconvenient moments. Don’t worry, you are not alone. In fact, many women struggle with acne throughout most of their 20’s and 30’s. But what causes acne in adults? In truth, there is not a whole lot of information on the distinction between the causes of adult and teenage acne. However, there are a few reasons that may be the culprit for your latest breakouts and knowing the cause of your complexion woes can help you more effectively treat your acne

What Causes Adult Acne?

1. Hormones 

Fluctuations in your hormones, like those that occur as part of your menstrual cycle, are one of the primary causes of adult acne in females. Specifically to blame, are the hormones known as androgens. The unfortunate result of these changes is typically deep and painful cystic acne that appears around your chin, neck, and back. If you notice that you tend to get hormonal acne around the time of our period, you can begin to introduce acne treatment and mitigate some of these effects proactively. 

2. Stress

Similarly, stress can also cause hormonal changes that can result in acne. As stress within the body increases, a small organ known as the adrenal gland secretes the hormone cortisol, also known as the stress hormone. Unfortunately, as this happens, a small amount of testosterone is also released into the blood and it is this extra bit of hormone that can drive your oil glands to produce excess sebum, or oil, on the skin’s surface which can result in clogged pores. Should stress be the cause of your acne, try to incorporate new stress management techniques and use a spot treatment to stop breakouts in their tracks. 

3. Pollution

Environmental pollutants can wreak havoc on your skin thanks to tiny molecules known as free radicals, especially if you live in an urban area. Our skin absorbs what is around it and whether or not you can see it, there is a lot of smog and dirt floating around in the air. Using a facial cleanser formulated to fight acne can remove these pollutants from the surface of the skin and combat acne at its source. 

4. Wrong Products

While you want to be careful not to strip your skin of its natural oils, if you have acne-prone skin, you will want to be sure to use adult acne products that are specifically formulated for your skin type. Topical treatments help to clear away dead skin cells from the hair follicles and clear out clogged pores that are causing the pimples and zits to occur. Labels like oil-free, non-comedogenic, and water-based are usually a good sign that the product contains ingredients that will not clog your pores. This is particularly important when selecting a facial moisturizer as you do not want to slather on a product that will only exacerbate your skin condition. 

5. Overwashing

Washing your face on a daily basis helps to clear hair follicles of dead skin cells, wash away impurities from the environment, and prep your skin for serums and creams. A daily facial cleanser is a critical first step to any effective skincare routine. Contrary to what you might think, however, there is such a thing as overwashing your face and it can actually make your acne worse. Cleansing more than twice each day, once in the morning and once at night, will dry out your skin and cause it to produce more oil to compensate. Over-exfoliating can also be damaging to your skin as harsh physical exfoliants can create tiny abrasions on the skin that may become infected, producing more acne. When you choose your products, make sure to balance powerful ingredients with nurturing ones to keep your skin balanced.  

6. Diet

Believe it or not, what you eat can directly impact the appearance of your skin. While some studies show that certain foods do, in fact, have a link to acne, there are always exceptions and your skin is unique. Foods containing sugar, dairy, caffeine, gluten, and fried foods have all been known to produce acne. However, rather than giving up all of those foods, try monitoring your skin’s reactions to each. If you start to notice that you break out after eating dairy, limit your dairy intake to minimize your acne. 

Developing a better understanding of what causes your acne specifically will help you determine a treatment plan that will get at the source of your acne and prevent future breakouts, not just current ones. As you learn more about your skin and how it reacts to certain things, you will also be able to build a more complete daily routine that nourishes your skin and helps create the beautiful, clear skin you have always wanted.